Examples of the effects of the JIM CROW LAWS.
A sign hanging to indicate a colored waiting room.
There were signs everywhere to indicate where African Americans, or at the time called negros or colored people, could eat, drink, live, work, sit, or do anything.
Pictures of the Sit-In Movement
Another form of protest were Freedom Rides. Interracial groups of Civil Rights activists would ride from city to city in the south, and would try to enforce a law that provided the integration of bus stops. This normally resulted in white violence against
the Freedom Riders.
The three men in this picture were murdered for their involvement in the Freedom Rides.
School Integration was another battle that African Americans had to endure during the Civil Rights Movement. The 1954 court case, Brown v. Board of Education, made school segregation illegal. Implementing integration in schools caused quite a stir though. In 1957, the High School in Little Rock, Arkansas was integrated, and President Eisenhower had to send in troops to protect the “Little Rock Nine,” or the nine African American students that were going to go to school there.
The Little Rock Nine: There originally were ten, but one female student decided to go to a local all-black school instead.
In this picture we see Elizabeth Eckford, the first to try an integrate Little Rock, make her way to the school building. You can see the anger in the expressions of the whites behind her.
Along with the army, many people from the city also showed up for the day when the group came to integrate the school. The “Little Rock Nine” were escorted and protected from the crowds by the army.